A quilt sandwich is what quilters call the three layers of a quilt. The 'sandwich' consists of the quilt top, the batting and the backing.
The quilt “sandwich” consists of backing, batting, and the quilt top. First, you’ll cut the backing 4” to 6” longer and wider than the quilt top.
If you’re planning to quilt the project yourself, you’ll baste the layers together using thread or safety pins. Use LARGE stitches (or safety pins) anywhere from 4 to 6 inches apart.
To complete the sandwich, you’ll quilt either by hand or by machine. If you plan to have someone else do the quilting for you, you don’t need to baste the layers, and most of the time you don’t need to supply the batting. But do check with your longarm quilter before assembling the quilt backing to make sure the size is sufficient for his or her needs.
NOTE: If taking to a longarm quilter, you don't need to assemble the layers. Just bring the top, backing and batting as separate items.
If you quilt a quilt yourself, you need to layer the backing, batting, and quilt top and then baste it all together so you can quilt it. The main challenge is to keep all the layers flat, without the fabric wrinkling or shifting. When I 'used' to do this before getting a longarm quilting machine. I would place the quilt backing right side down on the living room carpet. I would use duct tape to stretch the backing as flat as possible. Place the batting, then place the quilt top right side up. THEN the fun begins. Crawl around on your hands and knees (no longer possible with MY knees!) and either take giant basting stitches with needle and thread (try to avoid stitching the carpet to the quilt ) or use a BUNCH of safety pins to secure the three layers together.
Here are the steps for successful basting (whether on a LARGE table or on the floor).
*Scrim - A thin stabilizer that is needle-punched into the batting to add strength, loft, and to prevent stretching and distorting.
Of course, we suggest that you have your quilt professionally machine quilted. You should get a consistent even and pleasant design quilted across the entire quilt. If you choose to have your quilt finished professionally, you do NOT need to layer or baste your layers together. Your professional longarm service provider should have batting and backing materials available if you need it.
At Shadywood Quilts, we have been providing professional machine quilting for nearly 20 years. We use a computerized quilting system that gives you the highest quality stitch and pleasing patterns across your quilt
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